Synonymous with In pictorial art, the parts of a scene that appear to lie in the distance, behind figures and objects in the foreground.
In illuminated manuscripts, the background in a miniature can be undecorated, diapered, or foliate, with or without gilding, as in the preceding examples from a Gospel book and a In bookbinding, the process of shaping a shoulder on each side of the binding edge of the text block after rounding, before lining is applied to the back.
In scholarly works, the back matter may be considerable.
Back matter is paginated in arabic numerals continuously with the text.
To see examples for various countries, try a keywords search on the phrase "internet and backbone" in To make a document or transaction effective from a date earlier than its actual date, for example, a book order given a prior date with the publisher's permission, to allow the purchaser to qualify for an expired discount.
All the issues of a periodical that precede the current issue, usually bound in annual volumes or converted to microfilm or microfiche to conserve space.
Also, a removable name tag worn by a library employee who works in public services, identifying the wearer to library patrons.
A badge may also indicate the individual's position, enabling the patron to distinguish professionally trained librarians from members of the technical staff.
Also spelled The pages following the text at the end of a book on which the appendices, notes, bibliographies, list of contributors, indices, imprint, and any advertising normally appear.Also, to print the reverse side of a sheet that has already been printed on one side.Also spelled A printed, engraved, or photographic device in plastic, metal, paper, or cloth indicating support of a cause, signifying membership or achievement in a group or society, or verifying identity, usually intended to be worn visibly on the person and often preserved as memorabilia (, badges are cataloged as graphic materials.Back orders are held open for future delivery, usually for a designated period of time, after which they are canceled. In library cataloging, a term used in the physical description area of the bibliographic record to describe: (1) two maps that are versions of the same work in two different languages, printed on alternate sides of a single sheet; or (2) two parts of a bilingual atlas published tête-bêche in a single volume.Synonymous in the UK with A commercial company in the business of supplying noncurrent volumes and issues of serial publications to libraries and other institutions, usually to replace missing items or fill gaps in the library's holdings of a particular title (In bookbinding, the central portion of the covering material, extending from the front joint to the back joint over the inlay separating the boards, stamped with the spine title and the author's name in most editions. In data processing, to make a second copy of an important data file in case the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed.